H-Bio: a refinery blended fuel in Brazil

Posted By on June 24, 2006

A Businessweek article detailed a push in Brazil to use soy and other oil seed vegetable oils with their petroleum diesel. Brazil is already a leader in moving to ethanol, and this new biofuel will add to its sugarcane alcohol fuel.

Petrobras, the state-run oil company Petroleo Brasileiro SA, said the new fuel, called H-Bio, was developed over 18 months by mixing refinery petroleum with oil from soy, sunflower seeds, cotton and castor beans. The new H-Bio fuel is different from biodiesel in that it is not processed but that the oil is blended in amounts up to 15% with petroleum diesel at the refinery level.

Petrobras predicted that three refineries would produce the new fuel by 2007.

Comments

  • Brazil is one of the few countries that are experimenting with biodiesel production from castor oil…another country is India, which is the largest producer of castor oil in the world…

    Brazil has been a pioneer in ethanol blended fuel, and there is a good chance that the country will be largely independent of fossil fuels in the next couple of decades…it is perhaps the only large country which will have that distinction…Brazil though is known more for biogasoline (aka ethanol) it being one of the largest producer of sugarcane in the world, and not so much for biodiesel…

    The prospects of these feedstock mentioned in the blod article being able to produce large-scale biodiesel are very limited though…a case in point in castor oil…the total world production of castor oil every year is less than 1 million tonnes…the world requires 10 MT of petro-products EVERY DAY…! Frankly, the only feedstock that has the potential to replace most or all of petro diesel is algae ( see Oilgae.com – Biodiesel from Algae), possibly some other feedstock such as jatropha and karanj could also contribute a bit similar to castor, cottonseed etc.. (see BDPedia – The Biodiesel Encyclopedia for a section on the complete list of feedstock being explored for biodiesel..

    Some thoughts from the Plant Oils Database

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